SDE: Literacy/English Language Arts

Literacy/English Language Arts

{Mother and Child reading a book}   Literacy/English Language Arts in Connecticut at the early grades focus on providing high-quality instruction to ensure the prevention of potential reading difficulties. Competencies include word identification skills, including fluent and accurate word identification while reading in context, comprehension, spelling and writing. From grades 4-12, literacy focuses on student aptitude with reading, writing, listening, speaking, viewing, and presenting within English language arts and across all content areas.


Curriculum and Instruction

  • Common Core State Standards - Effective July 7, 2010, the Connecticut State Board of Education adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), now called the Connecticut Core Standards, in English language arts and mathematics. These standards establish what Connecticut’s students should know and be able to do as they progress through Grades K-12. The CSDE will provide support for local education agencies as they transition from the 2006 English Language Arts  Curriculum Framework and the 2007 PK-8 Curriculum Standards, commonly referred to as the GLEs. Currently, documents that are intended to assist districts in CCSS-based curriculum revision and development are available. Curriculum Development Tools and Support
New: Research-based Universal Screening Reading Assessments for Grades K-3
Per P.A. 12-116, the Connecticut State Department of Education (CSDE) is required to develop or approve reading assessments for use by all school districts commencing with the school year starting July 1, 2014.  The assessments must identify students who are below proficiency in reading and include screening and progress monitoring.  Such assessments shall:
  • Measure phonics, phonemic awareness, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension;
  • Provider opportunities for periodic formative assessment during the school year;
  • Produce data that is useful for informing individual and classroom instruction; and
  • Be compatible with current best practices in reading instruction and research.
On July 9, 2014, the Connecticut State Board of Education (CSBE) approved a menu of research-based Grades K-3 reading assessments for Grades K-3.  The menu of research-based reading assessments must be used by districts for the purpose of Universal Screening for Reading of the entire K-3 student population. 

Developmental Reading Assessment - second edition (DRA2)

The Developmental Reading Assessment (Second Edition) DRA 2 is mandated for all Connecticut Priority School Districts. The DRA 2 Questions and Answers document is updated annually to provide districts with administration and scoring guidance and protocols. The document also contains supporting materials such as: the Individual Reading Plan (IRP), LAS Links Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades 1-5, and Sample Parent/Guardian Letters in English and Spanish. If you have questions, contact Joanne White at or 860-713-6751.


Teachers & Administrators

Parents & Community



Jennifer Webb, Consultant
Phone: 860-713-6754
Joanne R. White, Consultant
Phone: 860-713-6751

Content Last Modified on 8/12/2014 12:02:36 PM