Workforce Investment Act
The Workforce Investment Act, Public Law 105-220, consolidated more than 60 federal training and education programs to create three block grants to states: Adult Employment and Training, Disadvantaged Youth Employment and Training, and Adult Education and Literacy. Title II of the Act, the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, authorizes federal funding and creates a block grant system that awards adult education state grants. Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) replaces the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) legislation and authorizes the new workforce investment system.
The guiding principles of the law are those of partnership, flexibility, accountability, and improved quality of services. WIA requires that Titles I and II be aligned in order to ensure a comprehensive approach to literacy and employment. Initiatives supported with WIA funds, therefore, must demonstrate coordination with the employment and training community through involvement with the One Stop System and with the Regional Workforce Development Boards.
The purpose of Title II - Adult Education and Family Literacy Act is to create partnerships to:
- assist adults to become literate and obtain the knowledge and skills necessary for employment and self-sufficiency;
- assist adults who are parents to obtain the educational skills necessary to become full partners in the educational development of their children; and
- assist adults in the completion of a secondary school education.
Connecticut's plan for adult education is outlined in its initial WIA state plan for FY 2001-2004. Because WIA has not been reauthorized, a one-year extension plan has been submitted for each year after FY 2003-04.
The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act is designed to provide opportunities for the improvement of educational programs and services for adults who lack the level of basic skills and literacy necessary for effective citizenship and productive employment. The term "adult education" means services or instruction below the postsecondary level for individuals who are 16 years of age and are not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school under state law, lack sufficient mastery of basic educational skills to function effectively in society, and do not have a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent.