SDE: Clinical Guidelines Ch7I

Clinical Procedure Guidelines for Connecticut School NursesPrintable version | Back to Contents
Specialized Health Care Procedures

I. Diabetes


A chronic disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. There are three major types of diabetes. The causes and risk factors are different for each type:

  1. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed. The exact cause is unknown.
  2. Type 2 diabetes makes up most of diabetes cases. It most often occurs in adulthood, but teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it because of high obesity rates. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it.
  3. Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes (PubMed Health: Diabetes, 2012).

The school health team, which includes the school nurse, teachers, the school administrator and other school staff members and parents, plays an important role in helping students manage their diabetes. Effective diabetes management is crucial:

  • for the immediate safety of students with diabetes;
  • for the long-term health of students with diabetes;
  • to ensure that students with diabetes are ready to learn;
  • to participate fully in school activities; and
  • and to minimize the possibility that diabetes-related emergencies will disrupt classroom activities (CSDE, 2005).

Please refer to the CSDE’s Learning and Diabetes a Resource Guide for Connecticut Schools and Families and Guidelines for Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring at School for a comprehensive approach to diabetes management in schools. These guidelines are available on the Health Promotion Services/School Nurse Web site.


Connecticut Department of Education. (2005). Learning and Diabetes a Resource Guide for Connecticut Schools and Families.

Connecticut State Department of Education. Guidelines for Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring at School.

PubMed Health. Diabetes. Retrieved on March 30, 2012.


Content Last Modified on 3/1/2016 4:07:31 PM